Mazdoor Movie Poster

Mazdoor

(मजदूर)
1934- White and Black
First Indian talkie banned by British censors, who came under pressure from Indian mill owners. Based on a Munshi Premchand novel, it was a story on the rights of the working class. On the basis of having mutinous undertones, the film was banned. Re-issued as Ghar Parwar in 1936.
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Director: Mohan Dayaram Bhavnani
Keywords: Social


Movie Cast

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Movie Details

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Movie NameMazdoor
Original Language Nameमजदूर
English TranslationThe Mill
Year1934
Release Date1934
Languages Hindi
StorylineFirst Indian talkie banned by British censors, who came under pressure from Indian mill owners. Based on a Munshi Premchand novel, it was a story on the rights of the working class. On the basis of having mutinous undertones, the film was banned. Re-issued as Ghar Parwar in 1936.
Story SummaryOne of the first realistic treatments of industrial working-class conditions and the only engagement with cinema of the best-known 20th-C. Urdu and Hindi novelist, Munshi Premchand. In his biography, Premchand: A Life (19821, Amrit Rai noted that Premchand had to accept Bhavnani's offer for financial reasons after the closure of his journal Jagran. In Bombay for a year, Premchand wrote: 'What they want are thrilling and sensational films. Without endangering my reputation I shall try and go along with the directors as far as I can, for that I shall be obliged to do. [I]dealisrn demands a high price and one is occasionally obliged to suppress it.' Premchand later elaborated his position on the film industry in his essay Cinema Aur Suhityu (publ. in Lekhak, Allahabad, 1935). Shot on location in a Bombay textile mill, the schelnatic plot opens with the death of a benevolent mill owner whose good daughter Padma (Bibbo) and drunken playboy son Vinodh (Nayampalli) must now run the business jointly. Vinodh's ruthlessly exploitative management prompts Padma and her protege Kailash ([airaj) to lead a strike against her brother. Vinodh turns violent, goes to prison and the mill closes. With the workers' support and a providential order, Padma restarts the business in a humanitarian way and marries Kailash. The president of the Mill Owners Association was a member of the censor board in Bombay and tried to get the film banned. The Punjab Board cleared the film initially, but following near-riots aker it was released in Lahore, banned it. The Delhi ban was followed by a Central government decree that the film had an inflammatory influence on workers. The film was a commercial failure, sinking the Ajanta Studio.

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Premchand manoranjakata necessary to bring the story of the film was not favorable. He wrote, "I think the plot is a Chartered Accountant idealism and the entertainment value that has not called me." (February 7, 1935) before November 28, 1934, in a letter he wrote to Mr jealous, "the producers Love Story, which has been forming, casakava not want them at all.

Premchand's agreement with the company in May 1935 was up. March 25, 1935, the day he took leave from being disappointed. Provided that the amount of the contract (ru8 thousand) instead ru6 them, only 300 met. He went back to Benares cinema 'Beard-liquor shop "expressed regret for having been made. "People prefer films ghantaghantavali Sunday and sensational and belief is an illusion. Love, abandonment, friendship and compassion rich juice is watching movies. "Premchand faith that right exerted after his death, made several films. Premchand stories sataranjake from the player himself, godana, Non, notable films like sautela brother. Compared with a typically hacamacavanari mantoni works from his plays have been produced, but have not yet become a single movie is not in view.
Run Time155 Mins


Movie Crew

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Writer (story)Munshi Premchand
Music DirectorB. S. Hoogan
Writer (Play)Mohan Dayaram Bhavnani
Production CompanyAjanta Cinetone
CinematographyBimal C. Mitra
Writer (Lyrics)Mirabai
Music Composer B. S. Hoogan


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