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Amrit Manthan

(अमृत मंथन)
1934- Drama, White and Black
First Indian film, Celebrate Silver Jubilee. The film was produced simultaneously in Hindi and Marathi. story involves a reformist king who bans human and animal sacrifices, and a fanatical head priest who is willing to cut off his own head for a perfect sacrifice.
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Director: V. Shantaram


Movie Cast

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Chandra Mohan Chandra Mohan High Priest
Nalini Tarkhud Nalini Tarkhud Rajkumari / Rani Mohini
Shanta Apte Shanta Apte Sumitra 'Sume'
Keshavrao Date Keshavrao Date
Sureshbabu Mane Sureshbabu Mane Madhavgupta 'Madhav'
Budasaheb Budasaheb Lambodhar
Varde Varde Raja Krantivarma
Kulkarni Kulkarni Yashodharma
Kelkar Kelkar Vishwasgupt
Y. Mane Y. Mane Senapati


Movie Details

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Movie NameAmrit Manthan
Original Language Nameअमृत मंथन
Alternative NamesAmrut Manthan ,
Year1934
Release Date1934
Languages Hindi
StorylineFirst Indian film, Celebrate Silver Jubilee. The film was produced simultaneously in Hindi and Marathi. story involves a reformist king who bans human and animal sacrifices, and a fanatical head priest who is willing to cut off his own head for a perfect sacrifice.
Story SummaryThe story is about a reformist king Kantivarma (Varde) who bans the sacrifice of animals and humans. This angers the fanatical Rajguru (Chandra Mohan), head priest of the Chandika cult. The cult meets secretly and the head priest orders the killing of the king. Yashodharma is chosen and though he hesitates, the priest orders him to do so. Yashodharma writes a note for his son before leaving that night telling of the deed planned by the Rajguru. After the King is killed Yashodharma (Kulkarni) is betrayed by the Rajguru in court and ordered to be killed. Yashodharma’s two children, Madhavgupt (Sureshbabu Mane) and Sumitra (Shanta Apte), are on the run but Madhav is caught and the letter found on him by one of Rajguru’s men. Sumitra is taken prisoner and Rani Mohini (Nalin Tarkhud) who succeeds to the throne after her father’s death is asked to have Madhav sacrificed in the temple by the Rajguru. There is a storm and Mohini and Madhav escape to the forest. Madhav later goes in search of his sister. Vishwasgupt (Kelkar), a trusted minister tells Mohini and the people of Avanti about Rajguru being the real killer. The temple is thronged by justice demanding townspeople and the Rajguru with his obsessive belief in sacrifices offers himself to the goddess and cuts off his own head as a final sacrifice.
There are several famous scenes, including the twice-told legend of the churning of the seas, once by the priest to show how evil must be exorcised, and again by a good general to show how demons often appear disguised as gods. Although invoking divine intervention when Madhavgupta is about to be sacrificed, the film's strongly political thrust has the people rise in revolt.

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Avanti Nagar residents worship Devi Maa Chandika and sacrifice humans and animals to appease Her. When Raja Krantivarma bans this sacrifice, his very own Rajguru rebels and incites a group of religious zealots to assassinate him. They chose Yashodharma for this gruesome task, which he carries out by stabbing the king to death. But shortly thereafter, Yashodharma is apprehended with the assistance of Rajguru himself, and after the coronation ceremony of Maharani Mohini, is sentenced to be tortured, killed, and his remains fed to dogs. Mohini also orders death to the rest of Yashodharma's family, namely his son, Madhavgupta, and daughter, Sumitra. Madhavgupta is apprehended, while Sumitra goes to take shelter in a monastery. Acting on the orders of the Rajguru, amidst rising animosity between Hindus and Buddhists, she orders that the next human sacrifice be none other than Madhavgupta himself.
Run Time156 Mins


Movie Crew

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Writer (story)Athavale, Narayan Hari Apte
Writer (Screenplay)Narayan Hari Apte
Music DirectorKeshavrao Bhole
Production CompanyPrabhat Film Company
CinematographyKeshavrao Dhaiber
Writer (Lyrics)Vishnupant Govind Damle
Writer (Dialogue)Rajaram Vankudre Shantaram


Songs

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Song: ► Play Kamsini Main Dil Pe Gham
Singer:Shanta Apte
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:Veer Mohammadpuri

Song: ► Play Taaro mori vipda
Singer:Shanta Apte
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:Veer Mohammadpuri

Song: ► Play Dekho dekho sakhiyaan
Singer:
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:Veer Mohammadpuri

Song: ► Play Raat Aai Hai
Singer:Shanta Apte
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:Veer Mohammadpuri

Song: ► Play Arzoo-E-Dil Aayaaan Karne Se
Singer:Sureshbabu Mane
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:Veer Mohammadpuri

Song:Andheri Ab Beeti Saadho Vipada Ki Raat
Singer:
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:Veer Mohammadpuri

Song: ► Play Jayati Jai Ambike
Singer:
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:

Song: ► Play Sakhi Ri Shyam
Singer:
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:Veer Mohammadpuri

Song: ► Play Soinri Pyash Bhagi
Singer:Sureshbabu Mane
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:Veer Mohammadpuri

Song: ► Play Aurat Ka Dukh Haro Devi Durga
Singer:Chorus
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:Veer Mohammadpuri

Song: ► Play Abla Hai Buri Bala
Singer:Sureshbabu Mane
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:Veer Mohammadpuri

Song: ► Play Banwa Ki Chhavi
Singer:Nalini Tarkhud
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:

Song: ► Play Jiya Mora Na Bisaare
Singer:
Music:Keshavrao Bhole
Lyrics:Veer Mohammadpuri



Interesting Facts and Trivia

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  1. Chandra Mohan went on to be counted as one of the top actors of the Indian screen. The film was the first to have a run of twenty-five weeks (silver jubilee) at a theatre.
  2. The music direction was by Keshavrao Bhole and lyrics written by Veer Mohammed Puri.[9] The first Hindi film ghazal "Kamsini Mein Dil Pe Gham Ka" was rendered in the film by Shanta Apte.
  3. V. Shantaram having studied new techniques in film making in Germany made use of them during the making of Amrit Manthan. He kept the camera low angle with a circular track movement and made effective use of light and shades particularly at the start of the film when the cult meets.
  4. The film was based on Narayan Hari Apte's novel "Bhagyashree"
  5. It was the first film to be produced at the Prabhat film company’s new sound-proof studio and under the art direction of Fattelal spectacular sets were put up.
  6. V. Shantram who had presented Durga Khote to films now introduced Chandra Mohan in his debut role as the High Priest in Amrit Manthan.
  7. Through the film V. Shantaram used "reformist tradition in Hinduism" to revoke the practice of sacrifices at festivals and prayers.


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